II. ARTICLE-BY-ARTICLE FINDINGS
Article 4 of the Framework Convention
Collection of data and promotion of effective equality
Recommendations from the two previous cycles of monitoring
53. The Advisory Committee called on the authorities to identify appropriate means to more clearly assess the situation relating to access to rights of persons belonging to national minorities, including with regard to their economic and social situation, with a view to developing more targeted measures to promote full and effective equality in society.
54. The Advisory Committee notes with satisfaction that the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia regularly conducts various economic surveys which contain data disaggregated by ethnicity, first language and citizenship, age and gender. 29 Recent surveys include: “How Integrated Is Latvian Society? An Audit of Achievements, Failures and Challenges”, “Poverty in Latvia” and “NIG20. At-risk-of-poverty rate by citizenship and age.” 30 These various surveys permit assessment of the situation of national minorities in the labour market and regarding educational level.
Footnote 29 Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia’s website at http://www.csb.gov.lv/en
Footnote 30 Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia, “NIG20. At-risk-of-poverty rate by citizenship and age”, available at
55. Other state agencies have also engaged in data collection in their fields of competence. For example, the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs published, inter alia, a survey on the “Distribution of Latvian population as to ethnicity and citizenship” (2015). The Society Integration Foundation collected data on areas such as employment, education, health care and the social inclusion of third-country nationals (see Article 15). The socio-economic situation of Roma (particularly regarding employment, education, health care and housing) has also been the subject of specific research. A survey conducted in 2015 entitled “Roma in Latvia” aimed to identify the current situation and circumstances that hinder Roma in their access to education, employment, health care, housing services, and to develop recommendations in order to address the identified shortcomings.31
Footnote 31 Research report “Roma in Latvia”, 2015, available at
Document data: ACFC/OP/III(2018)001; adopted 23.02.2018, published 15.10.2018 Link: https://rm.coe.int/revised-version-of-the-english-language-version-of-the-opinion/1680901e79 Also available in Latvian: https://rm.coe.int/3rd-op-latvia-latvian/16808d91ab