In the end, 200 respondents completed the questionnaire in Latvia. An assessment of the data quality confirms that all the measures did not produce robust and comparable results.
Looking at the Latvian sample, more men (61 %) than women (39 %) took part in the survey. The respondents are nearly equally distributed by their age. One in three respondents (31 %) have a higher education. Most of the respondents are in employment (67 %), while 33 % are either retired or in education.
Some of the main results concerning Latvian respondents’ experiences and perceptions of hate crime, discrimination and antisemitism are presented here.
- One in ten respondents in Latvia (12 %) consider antisemitism to be a very big or a fairly big problem in the country. A majority (77 %) of respondents consider antisemitism to have stayed the same over the past five years. Most respondents (61 %) do not consider antisemitism on the internet as a problem and have not observed its change over the past five years (46 % said it stayed the same and 38 % said they don’t know).
- In Latvia, 3 % of respondents experienced at least one type of antisemitic harassment in the 12 months before the survey, and 6 % experienced such an incident in the five years before the survey. 8 % of respondents said that a family member or a close friend experienced verbal insults or harassment because of being Jewish in the last 12 months.
- Nearly one in three respondents in Latvia said they were worried about becoming a victim of verbal insults or harassment and of physical attack because of being Jewish in the 12 months before the survey (29 % and 39 %, respectively). Respondents expressed higher levels of worry regarding corresponding experiences of their family members – 40 % said they were worried about their family members being verbally insulted or harassed, and 49 % about being physically attacked because of being Jewish.
- 5 % of respondents in Latvia said that they had felt discriminated against because of their age, 3 % because of their religion or belief, and 3 % due to their ethnic background.
- In Latvia, three in four respondents (77 %) knew about the existence of the law that forbids discrimination based on ethnic origin or religion when applying for a job.
- Two thirds of respondents (62 %) in Latvia were aware of a law forbidding incitement to violence or hatred against Jews.
- One in ten respondents (11 %) in Latvia were aware of a law forbidding the denial or trivialisation of the Holocaust.
Document data: Experiences and perceptions of antisemitism. Second survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews in the EU, 2018, page 79 Link: http://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/fra-2018-experiences-and-perceptions-of-antisemitism-survey_en.pdf page 79