CEDAW concluding comments on Latvia (excerpts on citizenship and participation), 2020

B. Positive aspects

4. The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2004 of the State party’s combined initial, second and third periodic reports in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following:

(a) Law on the Discontinuation of Non-citizen’s Status for Children, in 2019; [..]

[..]

E. Principal areas of concern and recommendations

[..]

Equal participation in political and public life

[..]

30. Reiterating its previous recommendations (A/59/38, part two, para. 62), the Committee recommends that the State party strengthen its efforts to increase the representation of women in political life at the decision-making level in both elected and appointed governmental bodies and adopt temporary special measures, including requiring political parties to introduce quotas for women candidates, to increase the participation of women, in particular [..] women belonging to ethnic minority groups and [..] in political and public life, in line with its general recommendation No. 23 (1997) on women in political and public life.

Nationality

31. The Committee welcomes the adoption in 2019 of the Law on the Discontinuation of Non-citizen’s Status for Children, establishing that all children born in the State party after 1 January 2020 automatically obtain Latvian citizenship. It is concerned, however, at the potential gender impact of current legislation and policies regarding citizenship, in particular on the most disadvantaged groups of women, owing to the lack of statistical data disaggregated by sex, age and other relevant factors.

32. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure an analysis of the potential gender impact of current legislation and policies regarding citizenship by developing data collection systems that capture information disaggregated by sex, age, linguistic minority, ethnic origin and disability, among other relevant factors, both on those requesting and on those obtaining citizenship, and report on progress in that regard in its next periodic report.

[..]

Disadvantaged groups of women

41. The Committee is concerned that the State party has not introduced any specific policy or programme to address the situation of disadvantaged groups of women and lacks disaggregated statistical data regarding those populations and that the plan for the promotion of equal rights and opportunities for women and men for the period 2018–2020, which includes references to young people, older persons and disability, does not contemplate specific measures aimed at women from those groups. More specifically, the Committee is concerned that:

[..]; (b) Roma women and women from other ethnic minorities face multiple forms of discrimination in access to basic services, education, employment and health services and in participating in public and political life, owing to deeply rooted social stereotypes; [..]

42. The Committee recommends that the State party introduce policies and programmes to eliminate the multiple forms of discrimination faced by disadvantaged groups of women. More specifically, the Committee recommends that the State party:

[..] (b) Intensify its efforts to ensure that Roma women and women from other ethnic minorities enjoy equal access to basic services, education, employment and health services, as well as to participation in public and political life;


Document data: CEDAW/C/LVA/CO/4-7, 10.03.2020. Link: https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CEDAW/C/LVA/CO/4-7 Also available in Russian and French

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