3. Cases of disinformation, misinformation and hate speech [..] 3.1 ‘Colonialism’ by the West [..] According to a RAND report (Helmut et al. 2018), Russian actors are actively engaged in disseminating disinformation to Russian speakers in the Baltics, through a variety of means including traditional and social media. According to the report, in some cases … Continue reading "Disinformation campaigns about LGBTI+ people in the EU and foreign influence (excerpt), 2021"
[..] Attacks on democracy at large The chapter about the Kremlin’s information influence activities uses Latvia’s case, where the country’s education system is transferring to the Latvian language in Russian language public schools where studying is currently split 60-40 between Latvian and Russian languages respectively. Obviously, the reform is not welcomed by some and thus … Continue reading "From information laundering to influence activities (excerpt), 2020"
[..] The dominating language in the USSR was Russian, and it was heavily promoted in schools and public life at the expense of local languages. [..] Document data: 24.06.2020. Link: https://euvsdisinfo.eu/being-occupied-as-a-privilege_baltic_states/ Publisher’s notes: as the data from Latvia itself show, Latvian was dominating in Latvia’s schools at the end of Soviet rule. Languages of smallers minorities … Continue reading "“Being occupied as a privilege” (excerpt), 2020"
Legal context European Union law 3. Article 1(1) of Directive 2006/123/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on services in the internal market (OJ 2006 L 376, p. 36) provides as follows: ‘This Directive establishes general provisions facilitating the exercise of the freedom of establishment for service providers and … Continue reading "Judgment in Case C‑206/19 (excerpts), 2020"
2. EQUALITY AND NON-DISCRIMINATION [..] 2.2. EFFECTIVENESS AND INDEPENDENCE OF EQUALITY BODIES STILL UNDER SCRUTINY [..] Against this background, country reports and conclusions on the implementation of previous recommendations released in 2019 by the Council of Europe’s Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) show that lack of independence and insufficient human and financial resources continue … Continue reading "Fundamental Rights Report 2020 (excerpts), 2020"