Soviet Latvia: bilingual documents on education

Pupils’ IDs, covers
Pupils’ IDs, content
School year completion certificate of a pupil with a typical Russian surname, 1945. Form in Latvian, filled in Russian. From the collection of Victor Harlamov
Certificate of basic education, 1971, cover
Certificate of basic education, 1971, content
Certificate of basic education, 1978, cover
Certificate of basic education, 1978, content in Latvian
Certificate of basic education, 1978, content in Russian
Secondary school diploma, 1970, cover
Secondary school diploma, 1970, content in Latvian
Secondary school diploma, 1970, content in Russian
Latvian State University, student ID cover, 1946
Latvian State University, student ID content, 1946
Tertiary education diploma, 1980

Statistical Atlas of Latvia (excerpts), 1938

Title page of the Statistical Atlas of Latvia
Statistical Atlas of Latvia (Latvian, French). Riga: State Bureau of Statistics, 1938
Religious confessions in Latvia and its regions in 1935
Sheet 8. Religious confessions in Latvia and its regions, 1935. Green – Lutherans, Pink – Catholics, Yellow – Orthodox, Brown – Old Believers, Grey – Jews
Ethnicities in Latvia by the 1935 census
Sheet 9. Ethnicities in Latvia and its regions, 1935 census. Dark Green – Latvians, Red – Germans, Blue – Russians, Light Grey – Belarusians, Yellow – Jews, Dark Grey – Poles, Light Green – Lithuanians,
Ethnicity of rural population, 1935 census
Sheet 10. Ethnicity of rural population, 1935 census. 1 dot – 300 rural residents. Dark Green – Latvians, Red – Germans, Blue – Russians, Light Grey – Belarusians, Yellow – Jews, Dark Grey – Poles, Light Green – Lithuanians, Purple – Estonians. Below – ethnicity and rural/urban population by county
Ethnicity of urban population in 1897 and 1935
Sheet 11. Ethnicity of urban population in 1897 and 1935. Dark Green – Latvians, Red – Germans, Blue – Russians, Yellow – Jews, Dark Grey – Poles, Light Green – Lithuanians, Purple – Estonians. The numbers show percentage of Latvians
Ethnic composition of cities' population in the years of censuses
Sheet 12. Ethnic composition of cities’ population in the years of censuses. Dark Green – Latvians, Red – Germans, Blue – Russians, Yellow – Jews, Dark Grey – Poles, Light Green – Lithuanians.
Literacy by years, age groups, sex, counties and regions
Sheet 14. Literacy by years, age groups, sex, counties and regions

Document data: Link to the full atlas: https://www.csb.gov.lv/lv/statistika/statistikas-temas/iedzivotaji/iedzivotaju-skaits/meklet-tema/258-latvijas-statistikas-atlass-xx

Publisher’s note: the 1935 census was conducted under an ethno-nationalist dictatorship, so the shares of ethnic Latvians might be inflated.

Russian language in Livonia, Courland, Vitebsk Governorates, pre-independence

Real school in Walk (Valka)
Superior primary school in Walk (Valka)
Riga Russian Theater (est. 1883, postcard from 1916), the place of proclamation of Latvia’s independence in 1918, currently Latvian National Тheater
A 2007 photo of the current building of the
Riga Russian Theater. Initially it was the building of Russian NGO “Uley” (Beehive), and signs of this are seen over the windows
School leaving certificate, Riga, 1898, cover
School leaving certificate, Riga, 1898, content
School grade certificate, Riga, 1900
Postcard from German-occupied Dvinsk (Двинск, Daugavpils, Duenaburg), 1918